Common Web Design Languages, What They Do and Why You Need Them

Design, Web Development

Common Web Design Languages

For people who aren’t tech-savvy, working with a web designer or developer can be tricky. They use phrases like CSS, HTML, and Java, which might mean little to you as a business owner.

These phrases refer to the languages web developers use to write code and create an appealing design. Most business owners don’t need to understand the nuts and bolts of web design, but it can help to know the basics before beginning a conversation about changing your web design or implanting a new one.

common web languages

Why Is a Basic Understanding Important?

You don’t need to know how to code to know your website is a crucial component of your business and marketing strategies.

By understanding a few things, however, you may feel like you and your designer can have a coherent conversation – and you can more clearly express your needs.

You may believe you can simply tell a designer want you to want, and poof – like magic – it happens. Sometimes, that is the case, but when things aren’t going so smoothly, it can help to understand why.

Technology keeps marching – as it changes, it helps to know why developers might need to change your site to keep it current.

Businesses and web developers are always rethinking their design and making changes to keep up with Google updates, trending designs, and more.

Most Commonly Used Languages

There is a variety of coding languages developers choose from, and most use the language they are most comfortable with. Their preference is formed over time based on their experience using different languages.

Here are the most common languages and how they are used:


HTML makes up the layout and structure for your website. This language is dynamic and allows you to create a beautiful website using less code. HTML is used to create a starting point for the website and is what most of your static pages start from. A better way to understand this language is to consider it as the skeleton that is holding your website together.

2. CSS

CSS is the language developers can use to style a website. The style sheet language describes how your website is presented and its layout. CSS is used hand in hand with HTML to add colors, backgrounds, layouts, font sizes, and more. This language is a core technology web developers use to design and build websites.

3. Java

Java is the most popular web programming language. It is used to develop website content, games, apps, and software. Java is used in the production of most Android apps. Studies have shown over 15 billion devices are using Java in some form or other. Java language is portable and can be run on multiple software platforms.

4. JavaScript

JavaScript is used in many aspects of web development. Web developers use this language to add interactive elements to their websites. User engagement is important to your business, and your web developer should be incorporating JavaScript elements in your design.

5. Python

Python is one of the easiest languages to use and work with. Python can create a framework for basically any website need. This language uses simple and straightforward syntax, making it easy for web developers to work with and explain to their users. Some familiar sites that are using this language are Pinterest and Instagram.

6. SQL

SQL is a database query language that is used when your website is computing large amounts of data. Using SQL allows you to gather data from different databases and use it to cater your website to your target audience. This language is not used alone; instead, it is paired with others to get the most out of your customer database and website development.

7. PHP

PHP is often used on data-heavy websites or for app development. This is an open-source language that can be easily modified to meet the needs of your business or website. Large websites like WordPress and Facebook use PHP to manage and process their data.

8. .NET

.NET (pronounced dot net) is a framework that provides programming guidelines that can be used to develop a wide range of applications from the web to mobile to Windows-based applications. The .NET framework can work with several web programming languages such as C#, VB.NET, C++, and F#. At Grand Circus, we use C# as well as MVC. .NET has a huge collection of predefined class libraries (pre-written code) that has support for simple and complex data structures.

9. Angular

Angular is a TypeScript-based open-source front-end application platform led by the Angular Team at Google and by a community of individuals and corporations. Angular is a complete rewrite from the same team that built AngularJS. Angular is a platform that makes it easy to build applications with the web. Angular combines declarative templates, dependency injection, end to end tooling, and integrated best practices to solve development challenges. Angular empowers developers to build applications that live on the web, mobile, or the desktop.

Why Do Some Languages Work Better Than Others?

No one language is inherently better than another, they just perform better with different tasks. There are some key factors that web developers consider when they are deciding what language or coding method to use while working on a project. Here are some of those factors:

  • Expressiveness: The expressiveness relates to how easy a language is to understand, use, and write. The productivity of a language says a lot about how expressive your website will be. The easier a language is to write, the more time can be spent on adding design elements to the site. The expressiveness relates to how easy it is to add to the existing code. A developer will use a language where he or she does not have to spend a lot of time thinking about how to expand upon the code to grow or update the website.
  • Reliability: The reliability of the language and the code is important. The functionality of your website relies on how reliable the language is. The code is also in place to protect your website and customers. Reliable code will be easy to test and maintain. When a developer is reviewing the code, he or she should be able to scan it and get a sense for how reliable the website will be.
  • Performance: This is an important factor for developers to consider when they are working on a business website. They must take into consideration the amount of traffic your site will receive and what types of activities users will be doing while they visit your website. They will look for easy optimization to different servers and browsers and will want to make sure the code will operate consistently throughout a visitor’s time spent on the website.

Know the Basics, and Let Your Designer Take It From There
There are several online resources available that can help beginners learn the basics of code and have a better understanding of web development. As a business owner or someone who just has a general interest in understanding coding languages, a basic understanding of the above examples can go a long way.

Web designers and developers may seem like magicians to most of us, but more than that, they are artists – and unlike other forms of art, form, and function must work together seamlessly. Coders want sites to perform well and look good for businesses and clients. When it works well for you, it works well for them, too.

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    Stephen Moyers

    74 thoughts on “Common Web Design Languages, What They Do and Why You Need Them”

    1. Greg Nelson says:

      I was kind of interested in having a custom CMS built I found an agency that offers this service but does it matter what languages they use to code that? Or should I commission something built on wordpress or something, just logically I think it would make maintenance a bit easier but I would appreciate any additional information

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Greg, it definitely matters what languages you are choosing. All languages have own advantages and disadvantages. If you create a website in core PHP then it will take time to make it. Sametime, if you use WordPress instead of PHP than the website will be ready in very less time. If you want to handle website easily then you have to go with WordPress for sure. It is one of the best CMS ever and it also requires less maintenance.

    2. Vishal Bhatia says:

      Java is the most popular programming language and ideal for two categories of users: business application developers and those focusing on mobile applications. Java programming is the best choice to develop a web application.

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Java is definitely the best and popular language ever. Java is also more secure than other languages.

      2. Shrikant Gajanan Alone says:

        Java is most popular independent programming language ever.

    3. Belthinee L says:

      I prefer the java

    4. Bharath Paulazar says:

      Thank you for this nice piece of article on this essential topic. it was so helpful for me. Can you let me know some good place online where I can learn web development courses. I’m currently learning through WordPress.

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Glad to hear Bharath that I like the article.
        There are tons of website where you can learn web development in free or paid as well. (Ex. Udemy, Codecademy, Tutorialspoint, w3schools, Khan Academy, Coursera and more). I hope these will help you.

    5. Nice and detailed article, Stephen. I do have knowledge of HTML, CSS, PHP, MySQL, upto some level Java.. But now I want to learn Python. Could you please let me know any good source of tutorials on Python (video tutorials) if any?


      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        I really appreciate Manu. There are lots of online sites available where you can learn java. I give you some example site like Udemy, Codeacedemy,, and more. Most online sites providing video tutorials only. So it will be easy to understand. I hope my answer will help you to learn python. All the best!

    6. Ben Crescent says:

      Any one out there to help me with coding software

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Hi Ben, your question is vague. But as per my understanding, you asking for the coding software. There are lots of coding software available in the market like (Sublime Editor, Adobe Dreamweaver, Visual Studio, Notepad++, android studio, And more). You can also find more specific coding software on Google.

        I hope this answer will help you out. But if this answer does not mean to you then please elaborate your question. So, I will understand more and provide you with a specific answer. Cheers. 🙂

    7. Your content is simply outstanding. As a Digital Marketing professional, I can say that people can learn a lot from you. Thanks for sharing.

    8. Matrix Outsourcing says:

      This is a very nice post. I like the post very much.

    9. I simply wanted to write down a quick word to say thanks to you for that wonderful information you are showing on this article.

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Welcome, Micheal. Hope you liked it!

    10. Sabujhossan says:

      What is the scope for a python programmer with compared to java programmers?

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Python and Java, both are excellent programming languages. Both languages are widely adopted and scopes are much much higher. There’s not much comparison between both of these. Because both languages have their own advantages. Java market scope is stable currently and slowly increasing over time. Python language scope increasing very very fast as it using in AI, machine learning and data science. At the end, both are great and you can choose either.

    11. Hi, the contents existing at this website are in fact awesome for people knowledge, well, keep up the good work fellows.

    12. Hammad Yousaf says:

      Thank you for helping and posting this amazing web design language infographic article.

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Welcome, Hammad. Hope you like my post.

    13. Thank you for published this amazing web design infographic, I have learned of valuable information keep many post blogging like that.

    14. Julian Matta says:

      I really like your infographic post because it will be useful for readers so thanks for writing such useful information about web design languages.

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Thanks, Julian. Hope you enjoyed it!

    15. Adam Smith says:

      PHP is one of my favorite language, easy to learn and effective in usage..

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Yes Adam, I completely agree with you. It’s easy and very effective too. Even PHP is my also favorite language.

    16. Shanmugam says:

      Is that node.js and php are used to connect the front and backend? If so which is easy to learn

    17. I am curious about, What is the difference between programming language and database? Is it necessary to pair with both?

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        But obvious database and programming languages are different. And both purposes are also different as both names are defined it works. It’s not necessary to pair with both always. (For ex, Simple static HTML page doesn’t require a database until you not store anything.) But, nowadays mostly site’s functions work dynamically. So, in this case, the database is necessary to pair. From my point of view, the website works like a charm if we pair both. Hope my answer helps you to better understand your question.

    18. Ankush Chauhan says:

      It’s a great infographic article for information about web design and development languages.

    19. Teknokraft says:

      Wow!, It’s an amazing post regarding web programming langauges, It’s so easy to understand your content with cool web design infographic and each topic is very clear. Thank very much for sharing this post.

    20. Java is the most popular programming language and ideal for two categories of users: business application developers and those focusing on mobile applications. Java programming is the best choice to develop a web application. web development company uses it.

    21. Web Cadence says:

      Your blog is informative for web designers. Thanks for sharing the great article.

    22. Your blog is very informative. Here you talk about the web languages which we use in web designing. This information is really useful for web designer purpose. Thanks for sharing this information.

    23. Wavefrontech says:

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    24. Prem Singh says:

      Thanks for sharing this great information regarding web design languages.

    25. Designmodo says:

      The importance of establishing and curating a well-designed website in today’s internet-dominated global climate is hardly a secret.

    26. Rashmi Vanwani says:

      Being a web designer this post was quite beneficial for me. It’s very important for any web designer to keep its basics strong.

    27. Bella Anderson says:

      You have covered the topic so well. Wow, the topic “Common Web Design Languages, What They Do and Why You Need Them” is really helpful. Especially, your explanation under the headings of “Most Commonly Used Languages” and “JAVASCRIPT” are just quite on point. A well-covered article. Keep sharing info and stay blessed 🙂

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Thanks for your appreciation, Bella. I hope you will enjoy my other web design related articles too! Keep in touch with our blogs.

    28. This is amazing basic information regarding web design languages. You did a great job Stephen by making this easy to understand web design infographics.

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Hey Alex, thanks a lot and keep eye on our other web design articles too!

    29. Webcadence says:

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    30. Rinky Kumari says:

      I want to know that…which language is useful to learn for web designing? Is PHP language have doesn’t so much scope in market for coming years?

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Rinky, as per my point of view, you don’t need to check the scope when you start the programming. First, you need to work on programming logic. Logic is the same for all languages, just change the syntax afterward as per programming languages. If you know the logic properly, you can able to learn any language very easily. And you can choose java or python from my point of view. I hope my answer will helpful for you.

    31. Probate attorney says:

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    32. Shravi Joshi says:

      This blog offers a lot of information about website design and application. Overall, your article is incredible. I am delighted with it. Thank you for sharing this wonderful web design post.

      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        I really appreciate @Shravi and hope you liked our web design infographic too!

    33. Greg Ichshenko says:

      Thanks a lot for telling us what these web design languages mean and what they do. This is relevant content for me, and I will share this content with my colleagues. They love web design & web development just as much as I do.

    34. Elena Bennet says:

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      1. Stephen Moyers says:

        Great to hear from you, Elena. Hope you enjoyed our article!

    35. edvy veloso says:

      Hi…..may i ask?

      What programming language can integrate into another language? In order to create a website.

      hope you can help me with my project…thank you…..

    36. Selenium ray says:

      Thanks for sharing amazing tricks and information about web design and development languages. Keep it up.

    37. Off Side Tech says:

      Thanks for sharing amazing content regarding web design languages.

    38. Nice post and I really appreciate your hard work. Blog commenting is also the best medium to share our views. Nice web design language article you have shared.

    39. This is so Amazing. I went through the whole web design languages article. Keep Posting.

    40. Siddhant Saxena says:

      Hi Stephen, this blog is very informative about different web design languages, and their usage. I am a .net developer and recently wrote about the framework and usage. Hope you might like and appreciate it in this blog. (

    41. Extremely an interesting blog I have experienced. There is phenomenal information you posted about web design languages. At some point it isn’t so natural to plan and build up a website without custom learning; here you need legitimate advancement ability and experience. However, the information you notice here would be especially useful for the beginner.

    42. Imran Arstudioz says:

      Thanks for sharing. It is nice information about web design languages.

    43. Piccosoft says:

      Thanks for sharing your information about website development languages. This is a really good article to get the basic knowledge about web design languages.

    44. Being a marketer, it is an added advantage for me if I knew the basics of coding because if there is an issue in the site, I can notify the developer to rectify it. Also, they can’t dodge working in the issues, if I knew what exactly the issue is and how long will it take to clear it 😀

    45. Every aspiring web designer or developer must learn how to read and write codes so that they can know how to troubleshoot broken websites caused by software or plugin update. This also helps them customize their personal and clients’ websites.

    46. Thanks for this amazing article it would help the beginners who are in the field of Web DESIGNING. I am also a Web Designer at AnaxDesigns which is a graphic and web design agency in USA and has all the web design solutions.

    47. Zandra Mcbroome says:

      As per my view, Java language is the best for Web development and Javascript language is the best for web design. Also, WordPress is the best cms ever. What’s your thought on this, Stephen?

    48. Truly amazing article for beginners regarding web design languages. You cover most of all web languages. Great work Stephen!

    49. Nice article about web design languages. Thanks for sharing this amazing web design article.

    50. Dai software says:

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    51. Deepa Krana says:

      Thanks for such nice information regarding web design languages for all beginner web developers.

    52. Omtech Masters says:

      Absolutely great post here about web design languages. It has a lot of web design information that truly make it work in the web development. Thanks!

    53. Thanks for sharing web design languages article. It gives me a good level of knowledge about web languages. I really enjoyed your article please keep sharing it.

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